LFE Business Resilience Survey Working Group

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Purpose

The overall intent of the survey is to provide a consistent set of questions for tracking business recovery over time after an earthquake. This consistent set of questions will also facilitate comparisons across different events, and help limit “survey fatigue” for affected business owners. Most crucially, the survey tool explicitly links earthquake-induced building damage and utility disruption to business impacts, and tracks these impacts over time. As such, the survey comprises questions that focus on documenting both the physical damage caused by the earthquake and the resulting business disruption (i.e., the initial impacts of the earthquake). In addition, the survey includes questions that focus on documenting the business recovery process (i.e., the impacts of the earthquake over time), including repairing damage to buildings and changes to business operations to cope with earthquake impacts.

Objectives

  1. Record physical damage and cascading economic impacts to businesses that have experienced a major US earthquake at various points throughout the response and recovery phase to track business impacts and recovery after future earthquakes.
  2. Enhance understanding of business resilience and ways to prepare for and mitigate the effects of earthquakes
  3. Improve post disaster monitoring to inform programs/policies to support businesses

Pilot Studies

2016 Cushing, Oklahoma Earthquake

The survey was piloted again following the 2016 M5.0 Cushing, Oklahoma earthquake. A random sample of 150 individual businesses listed in ReferenceUSA were surveyed. Teams made up of one structural engineer and one social scientist conducted both the business survey and a building damage assessment. Results from the Cushing, Oklahoma pilot study are included in the EERI Earthquake Reconnaissance Team Report: M5.0 Cushing, Oklahoma, USA Earthquake on November 7, 2016.

2014 South Napa, California Earthquake

The survey was first piloted following the 2014 M6.0 South Napa Earthquake. There was a significant effort to survey a diverse cross-section of businesses and the pilot yielded 20 complete survey responses. The dataset from the South Napa Earthquake pilot was limited as the survey was launched 2 years after the earthquake, there few significantly impacted businesses, and it was difficult to engage busy business owners. More information about the pilot study is available in the 2016 EERI Annual Meeting Presentation.

Current Efforts

Building on the pilot studies in Cushing, Oklahoma and Napa, California, the Working Group will:

  1. Create an initial survey set (to record Physical Building Damage and Business Impacts) that can be deployed quickly by EERI members conducting reconnaissance after an U.S. earthquake, that builds up on surveys created for 2014 South Napa and 2016 Cushing Oklahoma (Damage and Business ) earthquakes.
  2. Create an implementation plan, protocol or strategy for quick, effective survey deployment.
    Develop and finalize a follow-up, repeatable survey that can record impacts and changes to business throughout the recovery phase.
  3. Consider a final survey that focuses on broader resilience questions.

Working Group Participants

The LFE Business Resilience Survey Working Group members are:

Charlie Huyck

Charlie Huyck

Mary Comerio

Mary Comerio

Jeff Hunt

Jeff Hunt

manny hakha

Manny Hakhamaneshi

david frost

David Frost

David Friedman

David Friedman

erica fischer

Erica Fischer

ken elwood

Ken Elwood

craig davis

Craig Davis

Thalia Anagnos

Thalia Anagnos

Rob Olshansky

Rob Olshansky

Laurie Johnson

Laurie Johnson

Questions?

Please contact the  Working Group Chairs with questions related to LFE Business Resilience Survey.